The death penalty in China : policy, practice, and reform. Edited by Bin Liang and Hong Lu. Foreword by Roger Hood. New York : Columbia University Press (2015. 384 p.). Contribution de Zhang Ning : Crimes of counterrevolution and politicized use of the death penalty during the Mao era.
China currently leads the world in death sentences and executions, making it a primary target for the global abolition movement. While the results have been subtle, anti-death-penalty advocates are beginning to influence Chinese attitudes toward the practice, as well as law. Conducting an interdisciplinary and comparative study of China’s death penalty as the country heads toward reform, this book explains what it took to advance reforms to limit death sentences and executions while identifying the challenges that prevent more extensive progress.
Featuring experts from Europe, Australia, Japan, China, and the United States, this collection follows changes in the theory and policy of China’s death penalty from the Mao era (1949-1979) through the Deng era (1980-1997) up to the present day. Using empirical data, such as capital offender and offense profiles, temporal and regional variations in capital punishment, and the impact of social media on public opinion and reform, contributors relay both the particular character of China’s death penalty practices and the incremental changes that indicate reform. They then compare the Chinese experience to other countries throughout Asia and the world, showing how change can be implemented even within a non-democratic and rigid political system, but also the dangers of pushing policies that society may not be ready to embrace.